The Top 15 Backend Technologies You Should Learn in 2022

Introduction to Backend technologies: what are they?

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A website’s server side is known as the backend. It maintains data, organizes it, and makes sure that the client side of the website functions properly. It is the area of the website that you cannot access or view. Users can only access backend features and characteristics through a front-end application, which is developed by backend developers. Writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components without user interfaces or complex programming languages are all part of back-end development.

To create linked, useful, and profitable web applications, backend developers work together with the front side to construct the business rules.

15 Best Backend Technologies

Following are the best backend technologies:


Sun Microsystems introduced Java in 1995 as a flexible, object-oriented programming language. It is similar to C++ in many ways, but it also includes more sophisticated features. Any platform can use this language, and it is freely available. Java is used by some of the top tech firms in the world, including Netflix, Google, and Amazon.


In a serverless architecture and on the backend of a web application, Node.js enables the usage of JavaScript. Since JavaScript is usually only used on the frontend, client-side portion of a web application, this creates an exciting junction of frontend and backend technology.


Python is a high-level programming language that has gained popularity for its simple syntax, object-oriented architecture, and capacity to enable programmers to quickly construct applications.
Programming language Python has won over the hearts of many experts. Python is favored among data scientists, software engineers, machine learning specialists, and hackers due to its adaptability, flexibility, and object-oriented characteristics.


Ruby is a well-known, flexible programming language that is frequently used for data processing, automation, command-line tools, web mining, and site construction. Ruby is a programming language that has a variety of uses despite being most commonly associated with Ruby on Wheels, one of the most well-known web development frameworks. Ruby, which Yukihiro Matsumoto first introduced in 1995, is sometimes referred to as a “language of careful balance.”
Ruby is a popular, flexible programming language used for a variety of tasks, including web development, scripting, data processing, DevOps, static site creation, and more.


PHP is an open-source server-side programming language that is frequently used to help create dynamic web pages. PHP stands for “PHP Hypertext Preprocessor.”

Over time, the server-side programming language PHP has grown in popularity. PHP works well with HTML and databases, making it a great language for developing dynamic online applications.


The Kotlin language is simple, secure, compatible, and simple to use with tools. It also operates on a variety of platforms. It is a statically-typed programming language that largely makes use of the infrastructure of the Java virtual machine, JavaScript, or LLVM compiler.


Scala is a wide-purpose JVM programming language that was initially made available to the general public in 2004. It was developed in 2001 by Martin Odersky and his colleagues. A high-level language called Scala mixes object-oriented and functional programming with high-performance runtimes. Scala is a powerful language that shares many Python features, including the ability to create machine learning models.


Microsoft’s C# object-oriented programming language makes it possible to create more intricate applications. It was born out of the need for a strong object-oriented language. The 2002 edition of C# offers a wide range of uses, including desktop programs, online development, and all stages of scripting languages.


An object-oriented programming language with little system reliance is C++. In 1985, Bjarne Stroustrup published it. Because C++ and C are so similar, over 99% of C programs can be compiled using C++ without changing a single line of source code. C++ is built on object-oriented programming (OOP), even though it is a well-structured and safer language than C.


Perl is a high-level, interpreted, general-purpose, and dynamic programming language. In 1987, Larry Wall created it. Although “Practical Extraction and Reporting Language” is the most popular extension of Perl, there is no official Full form.

Go or Golang

Go, often known as Golang, is an open-source programming language created by Google. Go’s designers aimed to provide programmers with a language that would make it simple and quick for them to construct apps. Go aims to be straightforward, efficient, readable, and effective. It is used in servers, web development, and command-line interfaces.


Relational databases can be managed with the help of the programming language SQL (Structured Query Language). A database system is a particular type of database that manages and connects accessible data elements. A SQL table can be used to hold data that can be accessed or modified.

Spring Boot

The Pivotal Team developed Spring Boot, a micro-service Java-based open-source framework that can be used to create independent, production-ready spring apps. It is a backend framework that enables speedy application starting. You can avoid writing a lot of code by using Spring Boot.


Django is a free and open-source Python web framework that enables you to create attractive, secure, and speedy websites. It is a web application framework that offers every element required for app development, allowing you to concentrate on new features rather than rewriting outdated code. The Django framework was used in the development of popular websites like Instagram, BitBucket, Mozilla, and others.


Built on the new.NET Core platform and using contemporary software design principles, ASP.NET Core is a redesigned version of the ASP.NET framework. Although it is fresh in some ways,.NET Core has been used in production for many years. Many elements from the established, dependable, and stable.NET Framework, which has been in use for two decades, have been added to it.

Final words about backend technologies

Any of the languages on this list would be a suitable choice if you’re trying to learn backend technologies. Numerous of these languages are in great demand and don’t seem to be going anywhere. Choosing a language to study can be difficult with so many possibilities. Our recommendation is to begin by mastering one of the top 5 skills on the list and work on a modest project. Then, become familiar with some of the corresponding frameworks. When you feel at ease with those, you can begin investigating the other choices on this list.

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